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Full Counting Statistics in the Transverse Field Ising Chain
by Stefan Groha, Fabian H. L. Essler, Pasquale Calabrese
This is not the latest submitted version.
This Submission thread is now published as SciPost Phys. 4, 043 (2018)
Submission summary
As Contributors:  Pasquale Calabrese · Fabian Essler · Stefan Groha 
Arxiv Link:  http://arxiv.org/abs/1803.09755v2 (pdf) 
Date submitted:  20180409 02:00 
Submitted by:  Groha, Stefan 
Submitted to:  SciPost Physics 
Academic field:  Physics 
Specialties: 

Approach:  Theoretical 
Abstract
We consider the full probability distribution for the transverse magnetization of a finite subsystem in the transverse field Ising chain. We derive a determinant representation of the corresponding characteristic function for general Gaussian states. We consider applications to the full counting statistics in the ground state, finite temperature equilibrium states, nonequilibrium steady states and time evolution after global quantum quenches. We derive an analytical expression for the time and subsystem size dependence of the characteristic function at sufficiently late times after a quantum quench. This expression features an interesting multiple lightcone structure.
Ontology / Topics
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Submission & Refereeing History
Published as SciPost Phys. 4, 043 (2018)
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Reports on this Submission
Anonymous Report 3 on 2018531 (Invited Report)
 Cite as: Anonymous, Report on arXiv:1803.09755v2, delivered 20180531, doi: 10.21468/SciPost.Report.479
Strengths
1. Clear presentation
2. Technically strong
3. Particularly useful for future studies of nonequilibrium properties of quantum spin systems
Weaknesses
1. A short discussion of the theoretical and experimental implications of the main results could be helpful
Report
In this manuscript, the authors investigate the full counting statistics of the transverse magnetization of a subsystem. A determinant representation of the generating functions is derived both for equilibrium states and for the time evolution following quantum quenches starting from different initial states. The asymptotic analytical results are carefully compared to exact numerical results and an excellent agreement is found.
The manuscript contains important and novel analytical results that are particularly useful for future studies of nonequilibrium properties of quantum spin systems. Moreover the presentation is very clear and the derivations are given is sufficient detail.
I strongly recommend the publication of this manuscript in SciPost.
Requested changes
1. Optional change: Given the length of the manuscript, a short summary of the main results might be helpful for some readers (although this is a matter of taste).
Anonymous Report 2 on 2018517 (Invited Report)
 Cite as: Anonymous, Report on arXiv:1803.09755v2, delivered 20180517, doi: 10.21468/SciPost.Report.455
Strengths
(1) detailed calculations.
(2) existence of a scaling collapse.
(3) detailed calculations.
Weaknesses
(1) No independent numerical verification.
(2) Misses previous work on nonequilibrium FCS of charge transport in the IRLM.
Report
The authors report on the full counting statistics (FCS) in the transverse field Ising chain.
The manuscript appears to be interesting and impressing and I recommend the work for publication,
provided the authors take the comments into account.
In order to judge the results one has to rely on the analytic calculations.
While the manuscript is an analytic work, an  from the analytical work 
independent numerical check would be helpful to address a larger audience.
For example in work on the FCS of charge transport within the interacting resonant level model (IRLM),
see PRL 107, 206801 (2011), PRB 89, 081401 (2014), Phys. Scr. 2015, 014009 (2015), the analytic
results are accompanied by independent numerics. These tests make the results plausible for
reader not familiar with the analytical methods. To the best of my understanding
the numerical tests presented in this work, like in Fig. 22, only test the validity of approximations,
not of the complete approach. I understand that this would represent a lot additional work, therefore I'm
only suggesting it. However, the authors should at least point out, that this kind of verification
is possible. Specifically, this could be done by a timedependent Bogoliubov  de Gennes approach
without having to rely on methods for strongly correlated systems.
In addition, the cited papers provide an earlier work nonequilibrium FCS from quantum quenches.
Finally, the authors may want to acknowledge PRL 107, 100601 (2011).
Remarks:
> Eq. (2) misses parentheses in last term
> page 2: "the the " > "the"
Requested changes
(1) Address the work on FCS of charge transport. It would be nice if the authors could compare the finite time corrections in the IRLM with the findings in the current manuscript.
(2) Possibly providing an independent numerical check.
(3) Correcting the typos.
Anonymous Report 1 on 2018516 (Invited Report)
 Cite as: Anonymous, Report on arXiv:1803.09755v2, delivered 20180516, doi: 10.21468/SciPost.Report.451
Strengths
1. Technically strong
2. Wellwritten and motivated
3. First work to tackle analytically full counting statistics in an outofequilibrium situation
4. Resuls tested against extensive numerics
Weaknesses
1. The presentation could be made clearer (see Requested changes)
2. Some results would deserve further discussion
Report
This work studies the full counting statistics (FCS) of subregions magnetizations in the transverse field Ising chain, both at thermal equilibrium and following a quantum quench.
While much attention has been brought over the recent years to the expectation values of local observables, the fullcounting statistics is of major importance both theoretically and experimentally.
An important fact used throughout the paper is that the generating functions for fullcounting statistics of the observables considered here can be brought to a gaussian form in the freefermionic formulation, and can therefore be tackled analytically. In particular, the authors present results for the FCS at thermal equilibrium, as well as an analytical description of the large time, large scale behaviour of the FCS after a quantum quench. Both these results are new, and open the gate for further developments.
I recommend publication in SciPost, once the following issues have been addressed :
Requested changes
1. The definitions of some relevant object are scattered in different parts of the paper, which makes the reading a bit uneasy. In particular, the notion of symbol for Toeplitz matrices and the associated winding number is used in eq. (47), but defined only in Appendix A, which is refered to afterwards. I would suggest to define those in a clearer fashion, and for generic Toeplitz matrices, in the bulk of the paper.
2. In section III, the authors introduce a representation of the lattice spin operators in terms of a set of Majorana fermions. It would be useful to have the relation between those and the JordanWigner fermions of section II.A clarified.
3. The multiple lightcone structure exhibited in section VI deserves to be commented further. Is there an interpretation of the associated velocities in terms of quasiparticles, for instance ?
4. Some minor typos and comments :
 section III, after eq. (16): double occurrence of "the" in the sentence "Hence they are univocally determined by the the correlation matrices...."
 section V.B : "We now turn to the time evolution of $P_w^{(u)}(m,t)$" : $P_w^{(s)}(m,t)$ should be mentioned as well, since it is studied in this section
conclusion : missing word in the sentence "A more straightforward but interesting extension would be to certain observables...."