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Lasing in optically induced gap states in photonic graphene

by M. Milićević, O. Bleu, D. D. Solnyshkov, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaître, L. Le Gratiet, A. Harouri, J. Bloch, G. Malpuech, A. Amo

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Submission summary

As Contributors: Alberto Amo · Dmitry Solnyshkov
Arxiv Link: (pdf)
Date submitted: 2018-06-12 02:00
Submitted by: Amo, Alberto
Submitted to: SciPost Physics
Academic field: Physics
  • Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics - Experiment
  • Condensed Matter Physics - Experiment
Approaches: Experimental, Theoretical


We report polariton lasing in localised gap states in a honeycomb lattice of coupled micropillars. Localisation of the modes is induced by the optical potential created by the excitation beam, requiring no additional engineering of the otherwise homogeneous polariton lattice. The spatial shape of the gap states arises from the interplay of the orbital angular momentum eigenmodes of the cylindrical potential created by the excitation beam and the hexagonal symmetry of the underlying lattice. Our results open interesting perspectives in view of studying nonlinear structures such as vortex solitons if a high number of particles is considered.

Ontology / Topics

See full Ontology or Topics database.

Graphene Polaritons
Current status:
Has been resubmitted

Submission & Refereeing History

Resubmission 1806.03941v2 on 13 November 2018

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Submission 1806.03941v1 on 12 June 2018

Reports on this Submission

Anonymous Report 1 on 2018-7-1 Invited Report

  • Cite as: Anonymous, Report on arXiv:1806.03941v1, delivered 2018-07-01, doi: 10.21468/SciPost.Report.523


1. The paper demonstrates an interesting effect (fig.1) which is the emergence of a localised gap state in a honeycomb lattice of coupled micropillars


1. The emergence of the localised gap state is an interesting and plausible interpretation of the data; nevertheless, focussing 10's of mW onto such a small microstructure inevitably leads to heating and the generation of free carriers. I note the authors have excluded thermo-optic effects by modulating with 1e-6 duty cycle, but how about simple electro-optic effects?
2. The authors claim lasing in the title and throughout the paper. Unfortunatley, the evidence for lasing is very poor. There is still a lot of debate in the community of how to define lasing in such microlasers; the Nature Photonics list is a good start, but the real evidence would be to demonstrate coherence, e.g. via a g2 measurement. In the absence of such a measurement, the minimum they would need to show is a reduction in linewidth by a factor 2 as stipulated by the Shawlow-Townes equation.
3. The authors motivate the paper by stating that the study of 2D materials via "photonic lattice simulators can provide insights in their properties". It would be nice if these insights were better articulated in the conclusion. Instead, they refer to vortex solitons, and it is not particularly clear why these are interesting.


The explanations offered are plausible but need to be better supported by data (cf lasing claim) and the exclusion of conventional effects. Given that there have been many reports of laser, or laser-like action, in a large variety of III-V microstructures, the authors also need to articulate the significance of their findings better.

Requested changes

If the authors can address my three points convincingly, the paper could be considered for publication.

  • validity: low
  • significance: poor
  • originality: high
  • clarity: ok
  • formatting: good
  • grammar: good

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