We present a global analysis of the Higgs and electroweak sector based on LHC
Run II and electroweak precision observables. We show which measurements
provide the leading constraints on Higgs-related operators, and how the
achieved LHC precision makes it necessary to combine rate measurements with
electroweak precision observables. The SFitter framework allows us to include
kinematic distributions beyond pre-defined ATLAS and CMS observables,
independently study correlations, and avoid Gaussian assumptions for theory
uncertainties. These Run II results are a step towards a precision physics
program at the LHC, interpreted in terms of effective operators.
We addressed the concerns of the referee in the following way:
1 We are including fermionic operators in the study of triple gauge vertices. In addition to the sentence 'The three Wilson coefficients relevant for our analysis of di-boson production are fB,fW and fWWW, plus the operators influencing electroweak precision data discussed in Section 3.' that we already had on page 4, we added a comment in Section 3:
'The challenge is that the bosonic
operators in Eq.(7) and the fermionic operators in
Eq.(8) not only contribute to electroweak precision
physics, but also to di-boson or Higgs production at an observable
level, where they are included e.g. in our study of triple gauge vertices.'
2 We agree with the comments of the Referee and have changed the language to reflect that the amplitude does not have additional momentum enhancement over the SM.
3 We have added a sentence emphasizing the measured cross sections for tt and tth production and arguing that the sheer number of events in tt production implies a statistical advantage in measuring ftG over the tth channel. We have also referenced arXiv:1607.05330 which finds for the HL LHC the constraints from tth on f_tG will exceed those from tt in agreement with the referee.
In terms of the chiral vs helicity analysis we researched this and found it is a discussion well beyond the scope of our analysis - arXiv:1205.1065 figure 6 indicates that ttH with an insertion of O_tG sources LL+RR and LR+RL helicity combinations. Dropping the Higgs lines in Figure 6 implies tt production sources LR helicity combinations and the 5-point contact vertex also sources LR.
Looking at arXiv:1403.1790 Figure 1 which plots the hardest top pT against the fraction of the total cross section corresponding to each chirality, as the pT increases tt sources almost exclusively LL+RR (labelled LR+RL due to a different convention, naming the chirality of the antiparticle instead) while ttH sources equally both LL+RR and LR+RL. Thus we expect a decrease in tt production as the SM for high pT is dominantly LL+RR while O_tG is only LR, while for tth we expect no decrease as O_tG sources all helicity combinations.
4 We are referring to differential measurements and have changed the wording accordingly.
5 We have corrected the labels from Lambda^2 to Lambda.
We agree that the shading of the area between the curves is misleading. We are now only showing the lines for +/- a specific Wilson coefficient and state so in the caption of the Figure.
6 The relative size of the linear and quadratic terms is one, but not the only effect influencing the shape of the error bars. We have expanded the sentence to
'However, from Fig.3 we know that the error bar on $f_W$
is by no means symmetric and Gaussian due to
the relative size of the linear and quadratic terms of the EFT, the
parametrization of the theory prediction and further effects.'
By the 'extremely successful' Run I measurements, we do not mean statistical fluctuations. Instead, this is rather meant as an acknowledgement of the breadth of powerful Run I measurements the experimentalists performed, showing the right distributions up to relatively high energies. For Run II however, we are still waiting for WW measurements with an inverse luminosity of > 3.2 ifb...
We added the word 'broad' to the sentence '...still dominated by a broad set of extremely successful kinematic
measurements at Run~I in view of a global gauge analysis.' to highlight this point and make clear that we are talking about the impact on a global analysis.
7 We are referring to the coupling g' and are explicitly stating so in the text now. We have also clarified that the operator definitions include gauge couplings. The scaling of the diagrams in Figure 6 has been clarified, in particular the diagrams with propagating Zs are suppressed by the off shell propagator going as 1/(mZH^2-MZ^2)<1. The referee's comments about longitudinal vector polarizations apply to all three diagrams as they all have Zs in the final state.