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A Bound on Thermal Relativistic Correlators at Large Spacelike Momenta
by Souvik Banerjee, Kyriakos Papadodimas, Suvrat Raju, Prasant Samantray, Pushkal Shrivastava
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Submission summary
As Contributors:  Suvrat Raju 
Arxiv Link:  https://arxiv.org/abs/1902.07203v1 (pdf) 
Date submitted:  20190619 02:00 
Submitted by:  Raju, Suvrat 
Submitted to:  SciPost Physics 
Academic field:  Physics 
Specialties: 

Approach:  Theoretical 
Abstract
We consider thermal Wightman correlators in a relativistic quantum field theory in the limit where the spatial momenta of the insertions become large while their frequencies stay fixed. We show that, in this limit, the size of these correlators is bounded by $e^{\beta R}$, where $R$ is the radius of the smallest sphere that contains the polygon formed by the momenta. We show that perturbative quantum field theories can saturate this bound through suitably highorder loop diagrams. We also consider holographic theories in $d$spacetime dimensions, where we show that the leading twopoint function of generalized freefields saturates the bound in $d = 2$ and is below the bound for $d > 2$. We briefly discuss interactions in holographic theories and conclude with a discussion of several open problems.
Ontology / Topics
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Submission & Refereeing History
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Reports on this Submission
Anonymous Report 1 on 2019912 (Invited Report)
 Cite as: Anonymous, Report on arXiv:1902.07203v1, delivered 20190911, doi: 10.21468/SciPost.Report.1167
Strengths
1 A general result about thermal Wightman correlators in relativistic QFTs.
2 The proof is clear and straightforward.
3 Very well written.
4 Techniques used in section 2, 3, and 4 can be of importance in other contexts.
Weaknesses
1 Discussions about weakly coupled scalar field theories and holographic theories are long and technical. So, section 3 and 4 are somewhat of a distraction from the main point of the paper which is very general.
Report
This paper studies thermal Wightman correlators at large spatial momenta but finite frequencies in relativistic QFTs. In this particular limit, the authors derive a geometric bound on the decay rate of thermal Wightman correlators. The bound follows directly from the analytic structure of position space correlators in relativistic unitary QFTs and hence this bound should be universal. Then the authors show that the bound is saturated in weakly coupled scalar field theories at sufficiently high loop orders. On the other hand, the bound is not saturated in holographic theories above $d=2$. This paper is wellwritten overall and I would happily recommend this article for publication, once the following comments/suggestions/questions have been taken into account.
Requested changes
I have following comments/suggestions/questions:
(1) Is there a position space version of the bound?
(2) It is known that the position space correlators are analytic on a larger domain than considered in this paper. Can the full domain of analyticity improve the bound?
(3) Equation (2.7) should be edited to avoid confusion: $\vec{y}_1\vec{y}_2+\cdots+\vec{y}_{n1}\vec{y}_n+\vec{y}_n\vec{y}_1\le \beta$.
(4) What happened to the factor $e^{i \vec{k}_i . \vec{x}_i}$ in the equation before (2.9)?
(5) Many of the equations in section 2.3 should be edited. For example see (2.13)(2.18) where dot products are omitted (such as $\vec{P}_i . \vec{a}_i$, $\vec{k}_i . \vec{y}_i$ and some others.)
(6) I have a general question about thermal Wightman correlators at large spatial momenta. Let us consider the twopoint function results from section 3 or 4. On physical grounds, one would expect that at large momenta the twopoint function should asymptote to the vacuum twopoint function. In fact, the position space (equal time) thermal twopoint function for the holographic theory as well as the free scalar field theory approaches the vacuum result at short distances. Where does that intuition break down? Probably this should be addressed in the paper as well.
Author: Suvrat Raju on 20191124
(in reply to Report 1 on 20190912)We would like to thank the referee for their useful comments. We have made the following updates to the paper to address the referee's points. (Below, we follow the same numbering as the referee does in the refereereport.)
(1) The equivalent statement of the bound in position space is that the correlators are analytic in the domain F discussed in the paper.
(2) We have added a comment about a possibly larger domain of analyticity in a footnote on page 6.
(3) We have updated these equations following the recommendations of the referee.
(4) The typo has been corrected and the factor restored.
(5) The dot products have been restored in section 2.3.
(6) We have added a comment about the large spacelike momentum limit approaching vacuum correlators at the end of the paragraph which is under equation (1.2).