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Spectral weight in holography with momentum relaxation
by Victoria L. Martin
Submission summary
As Contributors:  Victoria Martin 
Arxiv Link:  https://arxiv.org/abs/1908.04312v1 (pdf) 
Date submitted:  20220319 18:06 
Submitted by:  Martin, Victoria 
Submitted to:  SciPost Physics 
Academic field:  Physics 
Specialties: 

Approach:  Theoretical 
Abstract
Holographic lowenergy spectral weight at zero temperature and finite momenta indicates the presence of a strongly coupled remnant of Pauli exclusion. Building upon previous work, we study the spectral weight of a bottomup holographic superfluid model with spontaneously broken translational symmetry. We determine the effect of this symmetry breaking on the previously known attributes of the holographic superconductor spectral weight: 1) an instability at finite momenta and 2) the presence of nested Fermi surfaces (sometimes called Fermi shells). We find that the symmetry breaking seems to strengthen the former and suppress the latter, in a way that we describe.
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Reports on this Submission
Anonymous Report 1 on 2022720 (Invited Report)
Report
The author investigates a family of bottomup holographic models of a condensed matter system displaying both explicit translation symmetry breaking and spontaneous U(1) symmetry breaking. In particular, she investigates the imaginary part of the currentcurrent two point function (for the U(1)) in momentum space in order to infer properties of the corresponding spectral density.
Section 2 is largely a review of [12], where the author and a collaborator considered the same system in the absence of translation symmetry breaking.
Thus the new results concern the effect of translation symmetry breaking. The story appears to be qualitatively similar.
Increasing the charge of the condensate appears to decrease the size of the Fermi sea in the transverse channel, while it increases the size of a Fermi
shell in the longitudinal channel, even in the presence of translation symmetry breaking. Considered on its own, the translation symmetry breaking parameter
suppresses the Fermi sea/shell both in the transverse and longitudinal channels.
There is also a second story which concerns the appearance of an instability at finite momenta in the U(1) broken system, suggesting presumably that there is a region in parameter space where the solution considered is not the true ground state, and the system left to its own should spontaneously break translation symmetry. Apparently in the presence of explicit translation breaking, this instability is enhanced, ruling out a larger swath of the parameter space.
The manuscript is clear and well written. The results are interesting, and the system is one of current interest in the AdS/CMT community.
I recommend publication.
A comment is that sometimes interactions can make bosons look like fermions. A famous example is the LiebLiniger model in the limit of infinite coupling, where a sort of Pauli exclusion take place not because the objects are fermions but because the bosonic particles are physically repelled from each other through the interaction.
Requested changes
A weakness of the manuscript is a lack of physical interpretation. I think more work could have been done to either try to make a connection to actual condensed matter systems, or to explain where the problems are in making the connection more precise.
For example, I have a basic puzzle about why the structure of the Fermi surface should look different in the longitudinal and transverse channels. I would have thought that if there really are fermions in the dual field theory, the same fermions should contribute both to the transverse and longitudinal spectral density. And yet the results here suggest otherwise. Why is the spectral density in the longitudinal channel at zero momentum suppressed compared to the transverse one? Is there a plausible physical mechanism that can explain that suppression?
I was also puzzled about the ``intuition'' that increasing the charge should make the Fermi surface smaller. Is there something like this that happens in BCS theory? Where does this intuition come from?
If the author could add a little more connective tissue tieing her results to condensed matter systems, I would be grateful.