SciPost Submission Page
First-order transition in a model of prestige bias
by Brian Skinner
|As Contributors:||Brian Skinner|
|Submitted by:||Skinner, Brian|
|Submitted to:||SciPost Physics|
|Subject area:||Statistical and Soft Matter Physics|
One of the major benefits of belonging to a prestigious group is that it affects the way you are viewed by others. Here I use a simple mathematical model to explore the implications of this "prestige bias" when candidates undergo repeated rounds of evaluation. In the model, candidates who are evaluated most highly are admitted to a "prestige class", and their membership biases future rounds of evaluation in their favor. I use the language of Bayesian inference to describe this bias, and show that it can lead to a runaway effect in which the weight given to the prior expectation associated with a candidate's class becomes stronger with each round. Most dramatically, the strength of the prestige bias after many rounds undergoes a first-order transition as a function of the precision of the examination on which the evaluation is based.