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Charge order from structured coupling in VSe$_2$
by Jans Henke, Felix Flicker, Jude Laverock, Jasper van Wezel
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|As Contributors:||Jans Henke · Jasper van Wezel|
|Arxiv Link:||https://arxiv.org/abs/1911.11112v2 (pdf)|
|Date submitted:||2020-07-13 02:00|
|Submitted by:||Henke, Jans|
|Submitted to:||SciPost Physics|
Charge order--ubiquitous among correlated materials--is customarily described purely as an instability of the electronic structure. However, the resulting theoretical predictions often do not match high-resolution experimental data. A pertinent case is $1T$-VSe$_2$, whose single-band Fermi surface and weak-coupling nature make it qualitatively similar to the Peierls model underlying the traditional approach. Despite this, its Fermi surface is poorly nested, the thermal evolution of its charge density wave (CDW) ordering vectors displays an unexpected jump, and the CDW gap itself evades detection in direct probes of the electronic structure. We demonstrate that the thermal variation of the CDW vectors is naturally reproduced by the electronic susceptibility when incorporating a structured, momentum-dependent electron-phonon coupling, while the evasive CDW gap presents itself as a localized suppression of spectral weight centered above the Fermi level. Our results showcase the general utility of incorporating a structured coupling in the description of charge ordered materials, including those that appear unconventional.
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Anonymous Report 2 on 2020-9-13 (Invited Report)
- Cite as: Anonymous, Report on arXiv:1911.11112v2, delivered 2020-09-13, doi: 10.21468/SciPost.Report.1987
1- This work highlights the need for considering the structure of the electron-phonon coupling in quantitative models for density wave in VSe2.
2- Quantitative agreement with experimental measurements.
In this paper, the authors study theoretically the charge order in VSe2 compound. From DFT electronic bands, they calculate the electronic susceptibility, the charge density wave (CDW) vector and CWD gap. Using a numerical method, that some of the co-authors had already used for other systems recently, they can evaluate the “structured susceptibility” taking into account the momentum-dependent electron-phonon coupling. This method allows them to report quantitatively on experimental results that are not reproduced correctly by the usual methods of calculation. The authors thus show the importance of the structured electron-phonon coupling to get a correct theoretical description of the charge density waves in VSe2. This work is motivated by many unexplained experiments in a very active field. It brings a major breakthrough in the understanding of CDW for this type of system. This manuscript is well presented and written in a very clear way. Therefore, I consider that the manuscript is suitable for publication in SciPost.
I only have three minor questions:
(1) In the caption of figure 1, the authors write “Orange corresponds to Se character, and blue indicates V d-orbital character.” The p-orbital character of Se is not written, does it mean that Se character of states around EF is not only p-character ?
(2) In the calculation of the spectral function, a spectral breadening of 10 meV is used (caption of figure 4). Is not this value too close to the gap of 15 meV to give good results (ie results independent of the breadening value) ?
(3) Figure 4 and figure 8: the maximum value of the spectral function is not given. Is this maximum the same for all panels or does it change depending on the panel?
Anonymous Report 1 on 2020-9-1 (Invited Report)
- Cite as: Anonymous, Report on arXiv:1911.11112v2, delivered 2020-09-01, doi: 10.21468/SciPost.Report.1951
1- Very high level of technical execution
2- Sound conclusions on a well-known and challenging problem
3- Suggest further experiments, which will certainly stimulate future research
4- The manuscript is well-organised and clearly written
This work addresses the charge-density-wave (CDW) phases of bulk 1T-VSe2 using state-of-the-art theoretical approaches. This materials is rather different from closely related dichalcogenides of Nb and Ta where the CDW phases are understood better. The important conclusion of this work is that the temperature dependence of q_z is likely a result of one single CDW phase, and not two competing phases as often assumed. Overall, the work present a very complete picture CDW physics in 1T-VSe2.
This is very high quality work arrives to new and original conclusions related to a very challenging problem. I recommend publishing it as is.