## SciPost Submission Page

# Nonclassical steering and the Gaussian steering triangoloids

### by Massimo Frigerio, Stefano Olivares, Matteo G. A. Paris

### Submission summary

As Contributors: | Massimo Frigerio · Matteo Paris |

Arxiv Link: | https://arxiv.org/abs/2006.11912v3 (pdf) |

Date submitted: | 2020-07-02 02:00 |

Submitted by: | Paris, Matteo |

Submitted to: | SciPost Physics |

Discipline: | Physics |

Subject area: | Quantum Physics |

Approach: | Theoretical |

### Abstract

Nonclassicality according to the singularity or negativity of the Glauber P-function is a powerful resource in quantum information, with relevant implications in quantum optics. In a Gaussian setting, and for a system of two modes, we explore how P-nonclassicality may be conditionally generated or influenced on one mode by Gaussian measurements on the other mode. Starting from the class of two-mode squeezed thermal states (TMST), we introduce the notion of nonclassical steering (NS) and the graphical tool of Gaussian triangoloids. In particular, we derive a necessary and sufficient condition for a TMST to be nonclassically steerable, and show that entanglement is only necessary. We also apply our criterion to noisy propagation of a twin-beam state, and evaluate the time after which NS is no longer achievable. We then generalize the notion of NS to the full set of Gaussian states of two modes, and recognize that it may occur in a weak form, which does not imply entanglement, and in a strong form that implies EPR-steerability and, a fortiori, also entanglement. These two types of NS coincide exactly for TMSTs, and they merge with the previously known notion of EPR steering. By the same token, we recognize a new operational interpretation of P-nonclassicality: it is the distinctive property that allows one-party entanglement verification on TMSTs.