SciPost Submission Page

Position-Dependent Mass Quantum systems and ADM formalism

by Davood Momeni

Submission summary

As Contributors: Davood Momeni
Arxiv Link: https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.02113v2 (pdf)
Date submitted: 2020-10-29 18:44
Submitted by: Momeni, Davood
Submitted to: SciPost Physics Proceedings
Proceedings issue: 4th International Conference on Holography, String Theory and Discrete Approach in Hanoi
Academic field: Physics
Specialties:
  • Gravitation, Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
  • High-Energy Physics - Theory
  • Quantum Physics
Approach: Theoretical

Abstract

The classical Einstein-Hilbert (EH) action for general relativity (GR) is shown to be formally analogous to the classical system with position-dependent mass (PDM) models. The analogy is developed and used to build the covariant classical Hamiltonian as well as defining an alternative phase portrait for GR. The set of associated Hamilton's equations in the phase space is presented as a first-order system dual to the Einstein field equations. Following the principles of quantum mechanics, I build a canonical theory for the classical general. A fully consistent quantum Hamiltonian for GR is constructed based on adopting a high dimensional phase space. It is observed that the functional wave equation is timeless. As a direct application, I present an alternative wave equation for quantum cosmology. In comparison to the standard Arnowitt-Deser-Misner(ADM) decomposition and quantum gravity proposals, I extended my analysis beyond the covariant regime when the metric is decomposed into the 3+1 dimensional ADM decomposition. I showed that an equal dimensional phase space can be obtained if one applies ADM decomposed metric.

Current status:
Editor-in-charge assigned


Author comments upon resubmission

To
The Editor
SciPost Physics Proceedings
Dear Editor,

We thank the editor and the referee for giving us the opportunities once to address some questions/comments and helping us to improve our presentation. We have modified the paper to accommodate the referee's suggestions accordingly. We have also corrected possible typos/errors.

We hope that the editor does appreciate our efforts to make sure that the paper is of highest quality. We are confident that we have now answered, in detail, to all the points raised by the referee and henceforth resubmit the paper for publication.
Our replies to the referee's comments are given below.
Best regards,
Authors
[Comment-\#1]{The manuscript “Position-Dependent Mass Quantum systems and ADM formalism”, by Davood Momeni
tries to present a Hamiltonian formulation of general relativity, inspired by position-dependent mass systems, and then it proposes a quantum version of the theory.\\
The Hamiltonian formulation of general relativity has been discussed extensively in the literature for decades. Some references are given, but many important contributions are missing (one can find them in textbooks or Review papers). In any case, the author should tone down his claims about his findings and their significance, and remove statements such as “this is the first time in literature when a first order Hamiltonian version of the gravitational field equations.”}
[Answer-\#1]{We thank the referee for pointing out this remark. In this revision, we have carefully corrected this point as suggested . Please see the discussion after eq. (3.10).}

[Comment-\#2]{The author’s approach is based on the “super mass tensor”. However, the author defines this quantity as a derivative on the Lagrangian, and hence expression (2.5) is a loop definition. }
[Answer-\#2]{We thank the referee for pointing out this remark. In this revision, we have carefully corrected this point as suggested . Please see the discussion after eqs. (2.5), (2.6).}

[Comment-\#3]{I cannot see how the complicated form of field equations (3.10) can be helpful.}
[Answer-\#3]{The mentioned Hamilton equations is considered as a covariant generalization of the momentum evolutionary equation in the standard ADM decomposition. The only difference is here we don't specify special time foliation of the spacetime, i.e, no need to consider $x^{0}=constant$ hypersurfaces as it is very convenient in ADM method. A part of this foliastion freedom, as we showed that the equation reduces to the momentum time equation if one adapts a preferred time foliation.}

[Comment-\#4]{The matter sector, which is crucial in GR since it is the source of non-trivial curvature and geometry, is missing from the discussion.}
[Answer-\#4]{We thank the referee for pointing out this remark. In this revision, we have carefully corrected this point as suggested . Please see the discussion after eq. (1.1).}

[Comment-\#5]{The author faces the problem as a simple quantum mechanical problem and not as a quantum field theoretical one, and thus the discussion on renormalizability etc is missing.}
[Answer-\#5]{We should emphasis here that theory which we studied in this paper is considered as an attempt to construct quantum mechanics on a classical GR background. There is no simple field theoretic interpretation for the Hamiltonian which we obtained in this work as well as any other brackets are simply non quantum field theoretical one. In his approach, we can't reach the renormalizability as it has been investigated in many other alternative quantum gravity scenarios.}

[Comment-\#6]{Solutions (5.7),(5.8) do not have an obvious meaning, and in any case it is strange that the author finds non-trivial structure in the absence of matter.}
[Answer-\#6]{We added a discussion about these equations after eqs.(5.8).}

[Comment-\#7]{The English of the manuscript need editing.\\
In summary, a radical modification is needed before I will be able to reconsider the manuscript for publication.}
[Answer-\#7]{We fixed several typos and improved the presentation of the paper..}

List of changes

[Comment-\#1]{The manuscript “Position-Dependent Mass Quantum systems and ADM formalism”, by Davood Momeni
tries to present a Hamiltonian formulation of general relativity, inspired by position-dependent mass systems, and then it proposes a quantum version of the theory.\\
The Hamiltonian formulation of general relativity has been discussed extensively in the literature for decades. Some references are given, but many important contributions are missing (one can find them in textbooks or Review papers). In any case, the author should tone down his claims about his findings and their significance, and remove statements such as “this is the first time in literature when a first order Hamiltonian version of the gravitational field equations.”}
[Answer-\#1]{We thank the referee for pointing out this remark. In this revision, we have carefully corrected this point as suggested . Please see the discussion after eq. (3.10).}

[Comment-\#2]{The author’s approach is based on the “super mass tensor”. However, the author defines this quantity as a derivative on the Lagrangian, and hence expression (2.5) is a loop definition. }
[Answer-\#2]{We thank the referee for pointing out this remark. In this revision, we have carefully corrected this point as suggested . Please see the discussion after eqs. (2.5), (2.6).}

[Comment-\#3]{I cannot see how the complicated form of field equations (3.10) can be helpful.}
[Answer-\#3]{The mentioned Hamilton equations is considered as a covariant generalization of the momentum evolutionary equation in the standard ADM decomposition. The only difference is here we don't specify special time foliation of the spacetime, i.e, no need to consider $x^{0}=constant$ hypersurfaces as it is very convenient in ADM method. A part of this foliastion freedom, as we showed that the equation reduces to the momentum time equation if one adapts a preferred time foliation.}

[Comment-\#4]{The matter sector, which is crucial in GR since it is the source of non-trivial curvature and geometry, is missing from the discussion.}
[Answer-\#4]{We thank the referee for pointing out this remark. In this revision, we have carefully corrected this point as suggested . Please see the discussion after eq. (1.1).}

[Comment-\#5]{The author faces the problem as a simple quantum mechanical problem and not as a quantum field theoretical one, and thus the discussion on renormalizability etc is missing.}
[Answer-\#5]{We should emphasis here that theory which we studied in this paper is considered as an attempt to construct quantum mechanics on a classical GR background. There is no simple field theoretic interpretation for the Hamiltonian which we obtained in this work as well as any other brackets are simply non quantum field theoretical one. In his approach, we can't reach the renormalizability as it has been investigated in many other alternative quantum gravity scenarios.}

[Comment-\#6]{Solutions (5.7),(5.8) do not have an obvious meaning, and in any case it is strange that the author finds non-trivial structure in the absence of matter.}
[Answer-\#6]{We added a discussion about these equations after eqs.(5.8).}

[Comment-\#7]{The English of the manuscript need editing.\\
In summary, a radical modification is needed before I will be able to reconsider the manuscript for publication.}
[Answer-\#7]{We fixed several typos and improved the presentation of the paper..}

Submission & Refereeing History

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Resubmission 2008.02113v2 on 29 October 2020

Reports on this Submission

Anonymous Report 1 on 2020-11-1 Invited Report

Report

In the revised version the author has fulfilled all my raised points, and thus I recommend the paper for publication. Some expressions should be replaced by more formal forms (e.g. wanna→want, etc) and moreover English editing is needed at the proof stage.

  • validity: good
  • significance: good
  • originality: good
  • clarity: good
  • formatting: good
  • grammar: reasonable

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