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Neutrino Decoherence in Simple Open Quantum Systems

by Bin Xu

Submission summary

As Contributors: Bin Xu
Arxiv Link: (pdf)
Date submitted: 2021-07-15 19:28
Submitted by: Xu, Bin
Submitted to: SciPost Physics Core
Academic field: Physics
  • High-Energy Physics - Theory
  • High-Energy Physics - Phenomenology
  • Quantum Physics
Approaches: Theoretical, Phenomenological


Neutrinos lose coherence as they propagate, which leads to the fading away of oscillations. In this work, we model neutrino decoherence induced in open quantum systems from their interaction with the environment. We first present two different models in the quantum mechanical framework, in which the environment is modeled as forced harmonic oscillators with white noise interactions, or two-level systems with stochastic phase kicks. We then look at the decoherence process in the quantum field theoretic framework induced by elastic scatterings with environmental particles. The exponential decay is obtained as a common feature for all models, which shows the universality of the decoherence processes. We discuss connections to the GKSL master equation approach and give a clear physical meaning of the Lindblad operators. We demonstrate that the universality of exponential decay of coherence is based on the Born-Markov approximation. The models in this work are suitable to be extended to describe real physical processes that could be non-Markovian.

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Submission 2009.13471v2 on 15 July 2021

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