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Wormhole calculus without averaging from $O(N)^{q-1}$ tensor model

by Sayantan Choudhury, K. Shirish

Submission summary

As Contributors: Sayantan Choudhury
Arxiv Link: https://arxiv.org/abs/2106.14886v2 (pdf)
Date submitted: 2021-07-19 07:37
Submitted by: Choudhury, Sayantan
Submitted to: SciPost Physics Core
Academic field: Physics
Specialties:
  • High-Energy Physics - Theory
Approach: Theoretical

Abstract

The SYK model has a wormhole-like solution after averaging over the fermionic coupling in the nearly $AdS_2$ space. Even when the couplings are fixed the contribution of these wormholes continues to exist and new saddle points appear which are interpreted as "half-wormholes". In this paper, we will study the fate of these wormholes in a model without quenched disorder namely a tensor model with $O(N)^{q-1}$ gauge symmetry whose correlation function and thermodynamics in the large $N$ limit are the same as that of SYK model. We will restate the factorization problem linked with the wormhole threaded Wilson, operator, in terms of global charges or non-trivial cobordism classes associated with disconnected wormholes. Therefore in order for the partition function to factorize especially at short distances, there must exist certain topological defects which break the global symmetry associated with wormholes and make the theory devoid of global symmetries. We will interpret these wormholes with added topological defects as our "half-wormholes". We will also comment on the late time behaviour of the spectral form factor, particularly its leading and sub-leading order contributions coming from higher genus wormholes in the gravitational sector. We also found its underlying connections with the Brownian SYK model, particularly in the plateau region which has constant contributions coming from non-trivial saddle points of holonomy from the wormhole followed by an exponential rising part, where the other non-trivial saddles from "half-wormhole" dominate and give rise to unusual thermodynamics in the bulk sector due to non-perturbative effects.

Current status:
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Submission 2106.14886v2 on 19 July 2021

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