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Les Houches Lectures on Indirect Detection of Dark Matter

by Tracy R. Slatyer

Submission summary

As Contributors: Tracy Slatyer
Arxiv Link: https://arxiv.org/abs/2109.02696v1 (pdf)
Date submitted: 2021-09-09 20:22
Submitted by: Slatyer, Tracy
Submitted to: SciPost Physics Lecture Notes
Academic field: Physics
Specialties:
  • Gravitation, Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
  • High-Energy Physics - Phenomenology
Approaches: Theoretical, Phenomenological

Abstract

These lectures, presented at the 2021 Les Houches Summer School on Dark Matter, provide an introduction to key methods and tools of indirect dark matter searches, as well as a status report on the field circa summer 2021. Topics covered include the possible effects of energy injection from dark matter on the early universe, methods to calculate both the expected energy distribution and spatial distribution of particles produced by dark matter interactions, an outline of theoretical models that predict diverse signals in indirect detection, and a discussion of current constraints and some claimed anomalies. These notes are intended as an introduction to indirect dark matter searches for graduate students, focusing primarily on intuition-building estimates and useful concepts and tools.

Current status:
Editor-in-charge assigned


Submission & Refereeing History


Reports on this Submission

Anonymous Report 2 on 2021-10-11 (Invited Report)

Report

In the manuscript the author presents a review of the current status of indirect searches for dark matter (DM). The manuscript is well written and also well structured with respect to the topic discussed. Thus, I have just few minor comments for the author's attention, which nonetheless I hope can be of help for some improvement of the manuscript.

-- Section 2: since the manuscript is meant for a school and it's pedagogical in nature I think it's worth adding some more plot here and there. For example in section 2.3 plots of the energy spectra of the products (gamma rays or e+e-) of 2body annihilation/decay (of course they can be found somewhere else but it would be useful to have them also here to have a self-contained discussion). Or when Sommerfeld enhancement is discussed, it can be mentioned that plots of the cross-section dependence and resonance with mass are shown later in section 4.2.3 and figure 7.

-- bottom of page 13: I think there is a typo: it says
"Here D(E) is a diffusion coefficient, which we approximate to be independent of energy and time;"
but I guess it's meant to be something like:
"Here D(E) is a diffusion coefficient, which we approximate to be time and space independent"
(the energy dependence is present and discussed afterwards)

-- Eq.14 15 e 16: probably it should be made a bit more clear that eq.14-15, referring to the DM smooth case, represent a somewhat academic case since matter in reality is clustered and this changes the result *dramatically* for the annihilating case (4-5 orders of magnitude). In this respect, it is also worth adding some more references besides ref.75. In particular, ref.75 discusses a special treatment which exploits n-body simulations to calculate the DM annihilation signal, but this kind of
calculation is routinely perfumed in a simplified way using the halo model of structures. For example, a seminal paper in this respect is:
Ullio et al. Phys.Rev.D 66 (2002) 123502, astro-ph/0207125
while something more recent is
Ackermann et al. JCAP 09 (2015) 008 astro-ph/1501.05464

-- in relation to the previous point, in section 4.2.2 I think some more detailed mention should be included regarding the DM limits from the extra-galactic gamma-ray background (EGB) since the extragalactic signal is among the most studied targets together with the Galactic center and dwarfs galaxies.
Moreover among the different techniques which are used to study the EGB there is the non-poissonian template fitting,
(Zechlin et al. Astrophys.J.Suppl. 225 (2016) 2, 18 e-Print: 1512.07190,
Lisanti et al. Astrophys.J. 832 (2016) 2, 117 e-Print: 1606.04101,
Feyereisen et al. JCAP 09 (2015) 027 e-Print: 1506.05118)
which is discussed in detail in section 6.6. Thus it would be nice to mention it also here to show that this a general methodology which finds application in multiple contexts.

-- I see that only some brief mention is devoted to DM indirect detection with neutrinos. Is this because the topic is covered in some other lecture of the school? Since the title says generically "indirect detection" I would have expected this topic to be covered. Otherwise I think the preference to focus more specifically only on gamma-rays and cosmic rays and to leave out neutrinos should be better clarified in the abstract and introduction (eventually maybe also in the title).

  • validity: high
  • significance: good
  • originality: ok
  • clarity: high
  • formatting: excellent
  • grammar: excellent

Anonymous Report 1 on 2021-10-10 (Invited Report)

Report

This manuscript consists of a very well written set of lecture notes, based on lectures presented by the author at the Les Houches Summer School on Dark Matter earlier this year. These lecture notes provide an authoritative and pedagogical account of dark matter indirect detection, together with an overview of the status of the field. This topic is of ongoing interest to the research community. The material is correct, logically organized, and presented in a clear and accessible manner. The references are comprehensive. This is an excellent resource for graduate students and others who are new to dark matter indirect detection. This manuscript should certainly be published.

  • validity: -
  • significance: -
  • originality: -
  • clarity: -
  • formatting: -
  • grammar: -

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