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Measurement of the transverse polarization of electrons emitted in neutron decay – nTRV experiment

by K. Bodek, A. Kozela

Submission summary

As Contributors: Kazimierz Bodek
Preprint link: scipost_202103_00021v3
Date accepted: 2021-07-15
Date submitted: 2021-07-08 19:38
Submitted by: Bodek, Kazimierz
Submitted to: SciPost Physics Proceedings
Proceedings issue: Review of Particle Physics at PSI
Academic field: Physics
  • Nuclear Physics - Experiment
Approach: Experimental


This paper recalls the main achievements of the nTRV experiment which measured two components of the transverse polarization ($\sigma_{T_{1}}$, $\sigma_{T_{2}}$) of electrons emitted in the $\beta$-decay of polarized, free neutrons and deduced two correlation coefficients, $R$ and $N$, that are sensitive to physics beyond the Standard Model. The value of time-reversal odd coefficient $R$, 0.004$\pm$0.012$\pm$0.005, significantly improved limits on the relative strength of imaginary scalar coupling constant in the weak interaction. The value obtained for the time-reversal even correlation coefficient $N$, 0.067$\pm$0.011$\pm$0.004, agrees with the Standard Model expectation, providing an important sensitivity test of the electron polarimeter. One of the conclusions of this pioneering experiment was that the transverse electron polarization in the neutron $\beta$-decay is worth more systematic exploring by measurements of yet experimentally not attempted correlation coefficients such as $H$, $L$, $S$, $U$ and $V$. This article presents a brief outlook on that questions.

Published as SciPost Phys. Proc. 5, 015 (2021)

List of changes

The questioned parts of the text were rephrased in large extent.

Submission & Refereeing History

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Resubmission scipost_202103_00021v3 on 8 July 2021
Resubmission scipost_202103_00021v2 on 8 June 2021

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