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Title:  Sound propagation in dilute Bose gases
Author:  Miki Ota
As Contributor:   Miki Ota
Type: Ph.D.
Field: Physics
  • Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics - Theory
Approach: Theoretical
Degree granting institution:  Universit√† degli Studi di Trento
Supervisor(s): Sandro Stringari
Defense date:  2020-01-31


In this doctoral thesis, we theoretically investigate the propagation of sound waves in dilute Bose gases, in both the collisionless and hydrodynamic regimes. The study of sound wave is a topic of high relevance for the understanding of dynamical properties of any fluid, classical or quantum, and further provides insightful information about the equation of state of the system. In our work, we focus in particular on the two-dimensional (2D) Bose gas, in which the sound wave is predicted to give useful information about the nature of the superfluid phase transition. Recently, experimental measurement of sound wave in a uniform 2D Bose gas has become available, and we show that the measured data are quantitatively well explained by our collisionless theory. Finally, we study the mixtures of weakly interacting Bose gases, by developing a beyond mean-field theory, which includes the effects of thermal and quantum fluctuations in both the density and spin channels. Our new theory allows for the investigation of sound dynamics, as well as the fundamental problem of phase- separation.

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