Protection of topological surface states by reflection symmetry breaks down when the boundary of the sample is misaligned with one of the high symmetry planes of the crystal. We demonstrate that this limitation is removed in amorphous topological materials, where the Hamiltonian is invariant on average under reflection over any axis due to continuous rotation symmetry. While the local disorder caused by the amorphous structure weakens the topological protection, we demonstrate that the edge remains protected from localization. In order to classify such phases we perform a systematic search over all the possible symmetry classes in two dimensions and construct the example models realizing each of the proposed topological phases. Finally, we compute the topological invariant of these phases as an integral along a meridian of the spherical Brillouin zone of an amorphous Hamiltonian.
Cited by 3
Wang et al., Structural Amorphization-Induced Topological Order
Phys. Rev. Lett. 128, 056401 (2022) [Crossref]
Li et al., Symmetry-Protected Topological Phases in a Rydberg Glass
Phys. Rev. Lett. 127, 263004 (2021) [Crossref]
Gastellu et al., Electronic Conduction through Monolayer Amorphous Carbon Nanojunctions
J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 13, 339 (2022) [Crossref]
Authors / Affiliations: mappings to Contributors and OrganizationsSee all Organizations.
- 1 Technische Universiteit Delft / Delft University of Technology [TU Delft]
- 2 Stockholm University [Univ Stockholm]
- Knut och Alice Wallenbergs Stiftelse (Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation) (through Organization: Knut och Alice Wallenbergs Stiftelse / Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation)
- Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek / Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research [NWO]