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A Somewhat Random Walk Through Nuclear and Particle Physics
by Thomas D. Cohen, Nicholas R. Poniatowski
This is not the current version.
Submission summary
As Contributors:  Nicholas Poniatowski 
Arxiv Link:  https://arxiv.org/abs/2006.12564v2 (pdf) 
Date submitted:  20210305 05:04 
Submitted by:  Poniatowski, Nicholas 
Submitted to:  SciPost Physics Lecture Notes 
Academic field:  Physics 
Specialties: 

Abstract
These notes are an outgrowth of an advanced undergraduate course taught at the University of Maryland, College Park. They are intended as an introduction to various aspects of particle and nuclear physics with an emphasis on the role of symmetry. The basic philosophy is to introduce many of the fundamental ideas in nuclear and particle physics using relatively sophisticated mathematical tools  but to do so in as a simplified a context to explain the underlying ideas. Thus, for example, the Higgs mechanism is discussed in terms of an Abelian Higgs model. The emphasis is largely, but not entirely theoretical in orientation. The goal is for readers to develop an understanding of many of the underlying issues in a relatively sophisticated way.
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Submission & Refereeing History
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Reports on this Submission
Anonymous Report 1 on 2021524 (Invited Report)
 Cite as: Anonymous, Report on arXiv:2006.12564v2, delivered 20210524, doi: 10.21468/SciPost.Report.2957
Report
I have gone through the lecture notes entitled "A Somewhat Random Walk Through Nuclear and Particle Physics" by T.D. Cohen and N.R. Poniatowski. Overall, in my opinion, they provide a good introduction to many fundamental concepts in particle and nuclear physics. Given the level of the course and a relatively large number of the topics discussed, some of them are explained very briefly, whereas some others in more detail. While the structure and the content of the notes can be decided only by the authors, I would like to encourage them to extend the discussion on different nuclear models in section 4 and, in particular, provide more details on the shell model.
Further, I have several questions/comments I would like the authors to address.
1On p. 48, it is stated that the Dirac sea picture is "not in line with the modern understanding of physics via quantum field theory". Please elaborate on why this is the case.
2Below eq. (250) it is stated that the amplitudes $a(\mathbf{k},t)$ and $a^\dagger(\mathbf{k})$ ($t$ is missing) are timedependent. However, when going from eq. (250) to eq. (254), the time derivative is not applied to $a$ and $a^\dagger$. Please clarify this passage.
3On p. 79, Fermi's golden rule is mentioned, but it is not explained anywhere in the text. I would invite the authors to add a red box with an explanation of this rule.
4I am wondering whether "An Introduction to Quantum Field Theory" by M.E. Peskin and D.V. Shroeder, that became a standard textbook for a QFT course, has its place in the list of recommendations in section 14.
5Finally, there is a number of minor corrections (mostly typos) to be implemented, see "Requested changes".
Requested changes
1in eq. (13): $r \to r'$
2in eq. (61), line 2: $\bar{\mathbf{v}}^T \to \mathbf{v}^T$
3in eq. (150): $\dot{r}_j \to \dot{x}_j$
4in eq. (173): $1/(2m)$ is missing in the last two equalities
5in the inline equation in the line below eq. (178): the last equality is wrong and redundant; please remove
6in eq. (186): $q_\mu \to q_\nu$
7in eq. (223): in the middle equality, one $\partial_\alpha\phi$ in the first term is redundant; please remove
8in the line below eq. (269): $n_{\mathbf{k}_m} \to n_{\mathbf{k}_\alpha}$
9in the line preceding eq. (305): $\{d_{\mathbf{p},s},d_{\mathbf{p},s}\}=1 \to \{d_{\mathbf{p},s},d_{\mathbf{p},s}^\dagger\}=1$
10in eq. (305): $\{d_{\mathbf{p},s},d_{\mathbf{p},s}\} \to \{d_{\mathbf{p},s},d_{\mathbf{p},s}^\dagger\}$
11in the paragraph before eq. (331): please remove $N$ from the fourfermion interaction
12please improve the quality of Figs. 3 and 4  the tick labels as well as the names of the nuclei are barely readable
13please refer to figures in the text (I see the references only to figs. 1, 2 and 3, but not to the others)
14in the line below eq. (304): Fermi sea $\to$ Dirac sea
15in the criteria of renormalizability on p. 87 (italic text): less $\to$ less or equal
16there are many typos of the type "were were", "added added", "is is", "the the", "when when", "that that", "in in", "and and"; please use the search in the source file to fix them
17in many instances, "its" is used instead of "it is (it's)"; please review and correct accordingly
18two lines below eq. (336): $m_\phi^2 \to m_\phi$
Author: Nicholas Poniatowski on 20210827 [id 1713]
(in reply to Report 1 on 20210524)We thank the reviewer for their careful reading of the manuscript, as well as their constructive suggestions and detailed identification of typos throughout the notes. We also thank them for their positive impression of the notes, and apologize for the delay in resubmitting the revised version of them.
The intent of these notes (and the course they are based upon) is to sample a number of various topics relevant to modern nuclear and particle physics. So, although we agree with the reviewer that the physics of nuclear models, the shell model included, is an important subject, to do justice to these models would require a full semester course. We believe that the short account we provided in the present version of the manuscript presents the most important aspects of the shell model in a selfcontained manner.
Below, we respond briefly to each of the requests made by the reviewer, and how they have been incorporated into the revised manuscript, which we believe is now suitable for publication in SciPost Physics Lecture Notes.