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Effects of intraspecific cooperative interactions in large ecosystems

Ada Altieri, Giulio Biroli

SciPost Phys. 12, 013 (2022) · published 11 January 2022


We analyze the role of the Allee effect, a positive correlation between population density and mean individual fitness, for ecological communities formed by a large number of species. Our study is performed using the generalized Lotka-Volterra model with random interactions between species. We obtain the phase diagram and analyze the nature of the multiple equilibria phase. Remarkable differences emerge with respect to the logistic growth case, thus revealing the major role played by the functional response in determining aggregate behaviours of ecosystems.

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