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Conserved momenta of ferromagnetic solitons through the prism of differential geometry

Xingjian Di, Oleg Tchernyshyov

SciPost Phys. 11, 108 (2021) · published 21 December 2021


The relation between symmetries and conservation laws for solitons in a ferromagnet is complicated by the presence of gyroscopic (precessional) forces, whose description in the Lagrangian framework involves a background gauge field. This makes canonical momenta gauge-dependent and requires a careful application of Noether's theorem. We show that Cartan's theory of differential forms is a natural language for this task. We use it to derive conserved momenta of the Belavin--Polyakov skyrmion, whose symmetries include translation, global spin rotation, and dilation.

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