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Superfluid response of two-dimensional filamentary superconductors

Giulia Venditti, Ilaria Maccari, Alexis Jouan, Gyanendra Singh, Ramesh C. Budhani, Cheryl Feuillet-Palma, Jérôme Lesueur, Nicolas Bergeal, Sergio Caprara, Marco Grilli

SciPost Phys. 15, 239 (2023) · published 14 December 2023


Different classes of low-dimensional superconducting systems exhibit an inhomogeneous filamentary superconducting condensate whose macroscopic coherence still needs to be fully investigated and understood. Here, we present a thorough analysis of the superfluid response of a prototypical filamentary superconductor embedded in a two-dimensional metallic matrix. By mapping the system into an exactly solvable random impedance network, we show how the dissipative (reactive) response of the system non-trivially depends on both the macroscopic and microscopic characteristics of the metallic (superconducting) fraction. We compare our calculations with resonant microwave transport measurements performed on LaAlO$_3$/SrTiO$_3$ heterostructures over an extended range of temperatures and carrier densities finding that the filamentary character of superconductivity accounts for unusual peculiar features of the experimental data.

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