## An exact mapping between loop-erased random walks and an interacting field theory with two fermions and one boson

Assaf Shapira, Kay Jörg Wiese

SciPost Phys. 9, 063 (2020) · published 4 November 2020

- doi: 10.21468/SciPostPhys.9.5.063
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### Abstract

We give a simplified proof for the equivalence of loop-erased random walks to a lattice model containing two complex fermions, and one complex boson. This equivalence works on an arbitrary directed graph. Specifying to the $d$-dimensional hypercubic lattice, at large scales this theory reduces to a scalar $\phi^4$-type theory with two complex fermions, and one complex boson. While the path integral for the fermions is the Berezin integral, for the bosonic field we can either use a complex field $\phi(x)\in \mathbb C$ (standard formulation) or a nilpotent one satisfying $\phi(x)^2 =0$. We discuss basic properties of the latter formulation, which has distinct advantages in the lattice model.

### Cited by 4

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^{1}Assaf Shapira, -
^{2}^{3}^{4}Kay Joerg Wiese