We consider entanglement measures in 2-2 scattering in quantum field theories, focusing on relative entropy which distinguishes two different density matrices. Relative entropy is investigated in several cases which include $\phi^4$ theory, chiral perturbation theory ($\chi PT$) describing pion scattering and dilaton scattering in type II superstring theory. We derive a high energy bound on the relative entropy using known bounds on the elastic differential cross-sections in massive QFTs. In $\chi PT$, relative entropy close to threshold has simple expressions in terms of ratios of scattering lengths. Definite sign properties are found for the relative entropy which are over and above the usual positivity of relative entropy in certain cases. We then turn to the recent numerical investigations of the S-matrix bootstrap in the context of pion scattering. By imposing these sign constraints and the $\rho$ resonance, we find restrictions on the allowed S-matrices. By performing hypothesis testing using relative entropy, we isolate two sets of S-matrices living on the boundary which give scattering lengths comparable to experiments but one of which is far from the 1-loop $\chi PT$ Adler zeros. We perform a preliminary analysis to constrain the allowed space further, using ideas involving positivity inside the extended Mandelstam region, and elastic unitarity.
Cited by 3
Martin Kruczenski et al., The R-matrix bootstrap for the 2d O(N) bosonic model with a boundary
J. High Energ. Phys. 2021, 97 (2021) [Crossref]
Yu-tin Huang et al., Carving out the space of open-string S-matrix
J. High Energ. Phys. 2021, 195 (2021) [Crossref]
Aninda Sinha et al., Crossing Symmetric Dispersion Relations in Quantum Field Theories
Phys. Rev. Lett. 126, 181601 (2021) [Crossref]
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- 1 भारतीय विज्ञान संस्थान / Indian Institute of Science Bangalore [IISc]
- 2 சென்னை கணிதவியல் கழகம் / Chennai Mathematical Institute [CMI]
- Department of Science and Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology (through Organization: विज्ञान एवं प्रौद्योगिकी विभाग / Department of Science and Technology [DST])