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QCD factorization for hadronic quarkonium production at high $p_T$

Kyle Lee, Jian-Wei Qiu, George Sterman, Kazuhiro Watanabe

SciPost Phys. Proc. 8, 143 (2022) · published 14 July 2022

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Heavy quarkonium production at high transverse momentum ($p_T$) in hadronic collisions is explored in the QCD factorization approach. We find that the leading power in the $1/p_T$ expansion is responsible for high $p_T$ regime, while the next-to-leading power contribution is necessary for the low $p_T$ region. We present the first numerical analysis of the scale evolution of coupled twist-2 and twist-4 fragmentation functions (FFs) for heavy quarkonium production and demonstrate that the QCD factorization approach is capable of describing the $p_T$ spectrum of hadronic $J/\psi$ production at the LHC.

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