Andreas P. Braun, Evyatar Sabag, Matteo Sacchi, Sakura SchäferNameki
SciPost Phys. 17, 102 (2024) ·
published 3 October 2024

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We propose new $G_2$holonomy manifolds, which geometrize the GaiottoKim 4d $\mathcal{N}=1$ duality domain walls of 5d $\mathcal{N}=1$ theories. These domain walls interpolate between different extended Coulomb branch phases of a given 5d superconformal field theory. Our starting point is the geometric realization of such a 5d superconformal field theory and its extended Coulomb branch in terms of Mtheory on a noncompact singular CalabiYau threefold and its Kähler cone. We construct the 7manifold that realizes the domain wall in Mtheory by fibering the CalabiYau threefold over a real line, whilst varying its Kähler parameters as prescribed by the domain wall construction. In particular this requires the CalabiYau fiber to pass through a canonical singularity at the locus of the domain wall. Due to the 4d $\mathcal{N}=1$ supersymmetry that is preserved on the domain wall, we expect the resulting 7manifold to have holonomy $G_2$. Indeed, for simple domain wall theories, this construction results in 7manifolds, which are known to admit torsionfree $G_2$holonomy metrics. We develop several generalizations to new 7manifolds, which realize domain walls in 5d SQCD theories and walls between 5d theories which are UVdual.
Chiung Hwang, Shlomo S. Razamat, Evyatar Sabag, Matteo Sacchi
SciPost Phys. 11, 044 (2021) ·
published 30 August 2021

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We consider compactifications of rank $Q$ Estring theory on a genus zero surface with no punctures but with flux for various subgroups of the $\mathrm{E}_8\times \mathrm{SU}(2)$ global symmetry group of the six dimensional theory. We first construct a simple WessZumino model in four dimensions corresponding to the compactification on a sphere with one puncture and a particular value of flux, the cap model. Using this theory and theories corresponding to two punctured spheres with flux, one can obtain a large number of models corresponding to spheres with a variety of fluxes. These models exhibit interesting IR enhancements of global symmetry as well as duality properties. As an example we will show that constructing sphere models associated to specific fluxes related by an action of the Weyl group of $\mathrm{E}_8$ leads to the Sconfinement duality of the $\mathrm{USp}(2Q)$ gauge theory with six fundamentals and a traceless antisymmetric field. Finally, we show that the theories we discuss possess an $\mathrm{SU}(2)_{\text{ISO}}$ symmetry in four dimensions that can be naturally identified with the isometry of the twosphere. We give evidence in favor of this identification by computing the `t Hooft anomalies of the $\mathrm{SU}(2)_{\text{ISO}}$ in 4d and comparing them with the predicted anomalies from 6d.
Sara Pasquetti, Shlomo S. Razamat, Matteo Sacchi, Gabi Zafrir
SciPost Phys. 8, 014 (2020) ·
published 29 January 2020

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We discuss compactifications of rank $Q$ Estring theory on a torus with fluxes for abelian subgroups of the $E_8$ global symmetry of the $6d$ SCFT. We argue that the theories corresponding to such tori are built from a simple model we denote as $E[USp(2Q)]$. This model has a variety of non trivial properties. In particular the global symmetry is $USp(2Q)\times USp(2Q)\times U(1)^2$ with one of the two $USp(2Q)$ symmetries emerging in the IR as an enhancement of an $SU(2)^Q$ symmetry of the UV Lagrangian. The $E[USp(2Q)]$ model after dimensional reduction to $3d$ and a subsequent Coulomb branch flow is closely related to the familiar $3d$ $T[SU(Q)]$ theory, the model residing on an Sduality domain wall of $4d$ $\mathcal{N}=4$ $SU(Q)$ SYM. Gluing the $E[USp(2Q)]$ models by gauging the $USp(2Q)$ symmetries with proper admixtures of chiral superfields gives rise to systematic constructions of many examples of $4d$ theories with emergent IR symmetries. We support our claims by various checks involving computations of anomalies and supersymmetric partition functions. Many of the needed identities satisfied by the supersymmetric indices follow directly from recent mathematical results obtained by E. Rains.