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The grin of Cheshire cat resurgence from supersymmetric localization

by Daniele Dorigoni, Philip Glass

  • Other versions of this Submission (with Reports) exist:

Submission summary

As Contributors: Daniele Dorigoni
Arxiv Link: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.04802v3
Date accepted: 2018-01-18
Date submitted: 2018-01-11
Submitted by: Dorigoni, Daniele
Submitted to: SciPost Physics
Domain(s): Theoretical
Subject area: High-Energy Physics - Theory

Abstract

First we compute the $\mbox{S}^2$ partition function of the supersymmetric $\mathbb{CP}^{N-1}$ model via localization and as a check we show that the chiral ring structure can be correctly reproduced. For the $\mathbb{CP}^1$ case we provide a concrete realisation of this ring in terms of Bessel functions. We consider a weak coupling expansion in each topological sector and write it as a finite number of perturbative corrections plus an infinite series of instanton-anti-instanton contributions. To be able to apply resurgent analysis we then consider a non-supersymmetric deformation of the localized model by introducing a small unbalance between the number of bosons and fermions. The perturbative expansion of the deformed model becomes asymptotic and we analyse it within the framework of resurgence theory. Although the perturbative series truncates when we send the deformation parameter to zero we can still reconstruct non-perturbative physics out of the perturbative data in a nice example of Cheshire cat resurgence in quantum field theory. We also show that the same type of resurgence takes place when we consider an analytic continuation in the number of chiral fields from $N$ to $r\in\mathbb{R}$. Although for generic real $r$ supersymmetry is still formally preserved, we find that the perturbative expansion of the supersymmetric partition function becomes asymptotic so that we can use resurgent analysis and only at the end take the limit of integer $r$ to recover the undeformed model.

Current status:

Publication decision taken: accept


Author comments upon resubmission

We thank the editor and the referee for their time and work.

List of changes

We have addressed all the minor typos pointed out by the referee.

On page 10, equation (2.16) we added the factor $e^{-4 \pi \xi} $ multiplying the second term

Second line on page 26 we added the missing "."

In the second paragraph of page 26, we corrected the reference from eq. (6.8) to eq. (5.1)

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