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Detect Axial Gauge Fields with a Calorimeter
by Matteo Baggioli, Maxim N. Chernodub , Karl Landsteiner, Maria A. H.Vozmediano
This is not the current version.
|As Contributors:||matteo Baggioli · Karl Landsteiner · Maria Vozmediano|
|Date submitted:||2020-07-11 02:00|
|Submitted by:||Baggioli, matteo|
|Submitted to:||SciPost Physics Core|
Torsional strain in Weyl semimetals excites a unidirectional chiral density wave propagating in the direction of the torsional vector. This gapless excitation, named the chiral sound wave, is generated by a particular realization of the axial anomaly via the triple-axial (AAA) anomalous diagram. We show that the presence of the torsion-generated chiral sound leads to a linear behavior of the specific heat of a Weyl semimetal and to an enhancement of the thermal conductivty at experimentally accessible temperatures. We also demonstrate that such an elastic twist lowers the temperature of the sample, thus generating a new, anomalous type of elasto-calorific effect. Measurements of these thermodynamical effects will provide experimental verification of the exotic triple-axial anomaly as well as the reality of the elastic pseudomagnetic fields in Weyl semimetals.
Submission & Refereeing History
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Anonymous Report 2 on 2020-11-4 Invited Report
The paper is very clearly written and can be followed by a broad public. It pedagogically presents some rather simple calculations but puts then into a nice physical context, especially connecting theory to experimental proposals.
The paper is not entirely self-contained, but rather a follow-up for Ref. 22 of two of the authors. The work in this new paper could easily have been added to Ref. 22.
The authors discuss experimental signatures of the chiral sound wave, a charge density wave that propagates in the direction of a magnetic pseudo field in a Weyl semimetal. Such a field can for example be created by torsion. They show that this type of excitation adds a linear-in-T contribution to specific heat, and a related sizeable contribution to the thermal conductivity. They also predict an elasto-caloric effect.
The paper nicely lays to the derivation of these effects, and connects them to experiments by estimating their size. The authors conclude that the effects they propose should be measurable in experimentally accessible Weyl semimetals, which gives an experimental signature of magnetic pseudo fields in thermodynamics.
One important point to discuss is the sensitivity of the discussed effect to finite chemical potentials, and to other bands at the Fermi level. As the authors discuss themselves, a finite chemical potential will result in a more trivial linear-in-T contribution to the specific heat. Can the authors estimate how narrow the chemical potential window is in which their effect is much larger than this "trivial" linear-in-T specific that? In addition, experimental Weyl semimetals are hardly ideal, and there typically are additional trivial bands at the Fermi level. How large is their density of states allowed to be before these trivial pockets dominate the specific heat?
Another question concerns a benchmark measurement with a real magnetic field: would the application of a strong enough real magnetic field not result in a similar change of the specific heat? If so, could one not propose a benchmark experiment with real magnetic field that would even facilitate a direct measurement of the pseudo field strength?
1 - Discuss sensitivity to chemical potential detuning
2 - Discuss sensitivity to additional bands
3 - Discuss connection to real magnetic fields
Anonymous Report 1 on 2020-9-7 Invited Report
This manuscript is a follow-up of the paper M. N. Chernodub and M. A. H. Vozmediano, Chiral sound waves in strained Weyl semimetals, Phys. Rev. Research1, 032040 (2019), by two of the authors (Chernodub and Vozmediano) of that paper, which is cited as reference 22 in the current manuscript. Given its follow-up nature, it is a somewhat difficult decision on whether or not to recommend it for publication on SciPost Physics Core. There is some material used in this manuscript [for instance, Eq. (17)] whose derivation is given in Ref. 22. This is perhaps the only part that is not really self-contained in the text. Otherwise I would say that the manuscript is well suited for a broad audience of physicists. However, this seems to not be a relevant criterion for SciPost Physics Core, so let me be more precise here.
The manuscript is making simple and interesting predictions for experimentally detecting so called axial gauge fields within a condensed matter context where Weyl semi-metals are used. The origin of the effects predicted in the manuscript is related to a so called chiral sound wave (CSW), which arises due to strain in the sample, making the separation between the Weyl nodes dependent on spacetime. In my view this is by itself of great originality. The thermal effects predicted are generally explained pedagogically, so this is definitely readable by experimentalists, which I would say is a plus point. Also related to the usefulness to this target audience, there is a detailed section (Sect. 4) dicussing the experimental accessibility. Here is unfortunate that Eq. (17) is derived in Ref. 22, something I mentioned briefly above. I would recommend the authors to give some additional motivation for Eq. (17), since this is one section that is particularly important for experimentalists. One possibility would be to include a short appendix recalling in simple terms (if possible) the derivation made in Ref. 22.
Another thing that would need improvement is the discussion of the thermal conductivity in section 5. In that section Eq. (24) is mentioned as a "general expression", something that is certainly not true. Eq. (24) is valid in the dilute limit. A similar formula, also valid in the dilute limit, can be derived for the viscosity (is it not relevant here?). I would recommend the authors to clearly state the regime of validity of Eq. (24).
Given the interesting physics involved, describing a condensed matter incarnation of concepts originating from high-energy physics, and the fact that the main purpose of this manuscript is to propose a way to access experimentally the effect of an exial gauge field, I believe that it is a significant work that may lead to important experimental results in the field. Therefore, after the minor considerations above have been addressed, I would recommend to publish this manuscript in SciPost Core.