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Variation along liquid isomorphs of the driving force for crystallization

Ulf R. Pedersen, Karolina Adrjanowicz, Kristine Niss, Nicholas P. Bailey

SciPost Phys. 2, 022 (2017) · published 21 June 2017


We investigate the variation of the driving force for crystallization of a supercooled liquid along isomorphs, curves along which structure and dynamics are invariant. The variation is weak, and can be predicted accurately for the Lennard-Jones fluid using a recently developed formalism and data at a reference temperature. More general analysis allows interpretation of experimental data for molecular liquids such as dimethyl phthalate and indomethacin, and suggests that the isomorph scaling exponent $\gamma$ in these cases is an increasing function of density, although this cannot be seen in measurements of viscosity or relaxation time.