We develop further the study of a system in contact with a multibath having different temperatures at widely separated timescales. We consider those systems that do not thermalize in finite times when in contact with an ordinary bath but may do so in contact with a multibath. Thermodynamic integration is possible, thus allowing one to recover the stationary distribution on the basis of measurements performed in a `multi-reversible' transformation. We show that following such a protocol the system is at each step described by a generalization of the Boltzmann-Gibbs distribution, that has been studied in the past. Guerra's bound interpolation scheme for spin-glasses is closely related to this: by translating it into a dynamical setting, we show how it may actually be implemented in practice. The phase diagram plane of temperature vs "number of replicas", long studied in spin-glasses, in our approach becomes simply that of the two temperatures the system is in contact with. We suggest that this representation may be used to directly compare phenomenological and mean-field inspired models.Finally, we show how an approximate out of equilibrium probability distribution may be inferred experimentally on the basis of measurements along an almost reversible transformation.
Cited by 3
Baldovin et al., Statistical Mechanics of an Integrable System
J Stat Phys 183, 41 (2021) [Crossref]
Battista Carollo et al., Thermalization with a multibath: an investigation in simple models
J. Stat. Mech. 2023, 043207 (2023) [Crossref]
Kurchan, Time-reparametrization invariances, multithermalization and the Parisi scheme
SciPost Phys. Core 6, 001 (2023) [Crossref]
Authors / Affiliations: mappings to Contributors and OrganizationsSee all Organizations.
- 1 Università di Bologna / University of Bologna [UNIBO]
- 2 Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare / National Institute for Nuclear Physics [INFN]
- 3 Università degli Studi di Salerno / University of Salerno [UNISA]
- 4 École Normale Supérieure [ENS]