Transient Features in Charge Fractionalization, Local Equilibration and Non-equilibrium Bosonization

Alexander Schneider, Mirco Milletari, Bernd Rosenow

SciPost Phys. 2, 007 (2017) · published 25 February 2017

Abstract

In quantum Hall edge states and in other one-dimensional interacting systems, charge fractionalization can occur due to the fact that an injected charge pulse decomposes into eigenmodes propagating at different velocities. If the original charge pulse has some spatial width due to injection with a given source-drain voltage, a finite time is needed until the separation between the fractionalized pulses is larger than their width. In the formalism of non-equilibrium bosonization, the above physics is reflected in the separation of initially overlapping square pulses in the effective scattering phase. When expressing the single particle Green's function as a functional determinant of counting operators containing the scattering phase, the time evolution of charge fractionalization is mathematically described by functional determinants with overlapping pulses. We develop a framework for the evaluation of such determinants, describe the system's equilibration dynamics, and compare our theoretical results with recent experimental findings.

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Bosonization Charge fractionalization Fractionalization Non-equilibrium bosonization One-dimensional systems Quantum Hall edge states Quantum Hall effect

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