M$_k$ models: the field theory connection

T. Fokkema, K. Schoutens

SciPost Phys. 3, 004 (2017) · published 13 July 2017

Abstract

The M$_k$ models for 1D lattice fermions are characterised by ${\cal N}=2$ supersymmetry and by an order-$k$ clustering property. This paper highlights connections with quantum field theories (QFTs) in various regimes. At criticality the QFTs are minimal models of ${\cal N}=2$ supersymmetric conformal field theory (CFT) - we analyse finite size spectra on open chains with a variety of supersymmetry preserving boundary conditions. Specific staggering perturbations lead to a gapped regime corresponding to massive ${\cal N}=2$ supersymmetric QFT with Chebyshev superpotentials. At `extreme staggering' we uncover a simple physical picture with degenerate supersymmetric vacua and mobile kinks. We connect this kink-picture to the Chebyshev QFTs and use it to derive novel CFT character formulas. For clarity the focus in this paper is on the simplest models, M$_1$, M$_2$ and M$_3$.

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CFT character formulas Chebyshev superpotentials Conformal field theory (CFT) Lattice fermions Mobile kinks N=2 supersymmetric conformal field theory N=2 supersymmetry Quantum field theory (QFT) Supersymmetric vacua

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