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Strictly local one-dimensional topological quantum error correction with symmetry-constrained cellular automata

Nicolai Lang, Hans Peter Büchler

SciPost Phys. 4, 007 (2018) · published 31 January 2018

Abstract

Active quantum error correction on topological codes is one of the most promising routes to long-term qubit storage. In view of future applications, the scalability of the used decoding algorithms in physical implementations is crucial. In this work, we focus on the one-dimensional Majorana chain and construct a strictly local decoder based on a self-dual cellular automaton. We study numerically and analytically its performance and exploit these results to contrive a scalable decoder with exponentially growing decoherence times in the presence of noise. Our results pave the way for scalable and modular designs of actively corrected one-dimensional topological quantum memories.

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