We study many-body chaos in a (2+1)D relativistic scalar field theory at high temperatures in the classical statistical approximation, which captures the quantum critical regime and the thermal phase transition from an ordered to a disordered phase. We evaluate out-of-time ordered correlation functions (OTOCs) and find that the associated Lyapunov exponent increases linearly with temperature in the quantum critical regime, and approaches the non-interacting limit algebraically in terms of a fluctuation parameter. OTOCs spread ballistically in all regimes, also at the thermal phase transition, where the butterfly velocity is maximal. Our work contributes to the understanding of the relation between quantum and classical many-body chaos and our method can be applied to other field theories dominated by classical modes at long wavelengths.
Cited by 3
Shu-Wei Liu et al., Butterfly effect and spatial structure of information spreading in a chaotic cellular automaton
Phys. Rev. B 103, 094109 (2021) [Crossref]
Ben Craps et al., Lyapunov growth in quantum spin chains
Phys. Rev. B 101, 174313 (2020) [Crossref]
Michael Rautenberg et al., Classical and quantum chaos in a three-mode bosonic system
Phys. Rev. A 101, 053604 (2020) [Crossref]
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- 1 Technische Universität München / Technical University of Munich [TUM]
- 2 Munich Center for Quantum Science and Technology [MCQST]
- Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft / German Research FoundationDeutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft [DFG]
- FP7 People: Marie-Curie Actions (FP7 People) (through Organization: European Commission [EC])
- Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften / Max Planck Society [MPG]