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Domain wall problem in the quantum XXZ chain and semiclassical behavior close to the isotropic point

Grégoire Misguich, Nicolas Pavloff, Vincent Pasquier

SciPost Phys. 7, 025 (2019) · published 29 August 2019


We study the dynamics of a spin-1/2 XXZ chain which is initially prepared in a domain-wall state. We compare the results of time-dependent Density Matrix Renormalization Group simulations with those of an effective description in terms of a classical anisotropic Landau-Lifshitz (LL) equation. Numerous quantities are analyzed: magnetization (x, y and z components), energy density, energy current, but also some spin-spin correlation functions or entanglement entropy in the quantum chain. Without any adjustable parameter a quantitative agreement is observed between the quantum and the LL problems in the long time limit, when the models are close to the isotropic point. This is explained as a consequence of energy conservation. At the isotropic point the mapping between the LL equation and the nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation is used to construct a variational solution capturing several aspects of the problem.

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Density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) Domain walls Schrödinger equation XXZ model

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