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An introduction to the surface code

Andrew N. Cleland

SciPost Phys. Lect. Notes 49 (2022) · published 3 May 2022

Part of the 2019-07: Quantum Information Machines Collection in the Les Houches Summer School Lecture Notes Series.


This chapter provides an introduction to the surface code, discussing details about how physical qubits are connected and operated to create logical qubits, how errors are handled, and what performance metrics are needed to generate logical qubits with performance that exceeds their underlying physical qubit performance.

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