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If the Weak Were Strong and the Strong Were Weak

by Nakarin Lohitsiri, David Tong

Submission summary

As Contributors: Nakarin Lohitsiri · David Tong
Arxiv Link: (pdf)
Date accepted: 2019-10-15
Date submitted: 2019-09-28 02:00
Submitted by: Tong, David
Submitted to: SciPost Physics
Academic field: Physics
  • Quantum Physics
Approach: Theoretical


We explore the phase structure of the Standard Model as the relative strengths of the SU(2) weak force and SU(3) strong force are varied. With a single generation of fermions, the structure of chiral symmetry breaking suggests that there is no phase transition as we interpolate between the SU(3)-confining phase and the SU(2)-confining phase. Remarkably, the massless left-handed neutrino, familiar in our world, morphs smoothly into a massless right-handed down-quark. With multiple generations, a similar metamorphosis occurs, but now proceeding via a phase transition. In the second half of the paper we introduce a two-parameter extension of the Standard Model, a chiral gauge theory with gauge group U(1) x Sp(r) x SU(N). We again explore the phase structure of the theory as the relative strengths of the Sp(r) and SU(N) gauge couplings vary.

Ontology / Topics

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Down quark Gauge theory Standard Model

Published as SciPost Phys. 7, 059 (2019)

Author comments upon resubmission

Our thanks to the referee for their kind report. We have made the requested changes.

List of changes

References added and typos fixed.

Submission & Refereeing History

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Resubmission 1907.08221v2 on 28 September 2019

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