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Microscopic derivation of GinzburgLandau theories for hierarchical quantum Hall states
by Y. Tournois, M. Hermanns, T. H. Hansson
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Submission summary
Authors (as registered SciPost users):  Hans Hansson · Maria Hermanns · Yoran Tournois 
Submission information  

Preprint Link:  https://arxiv.org/abs/2002.08711v1 (pdf) 
Date submitted:  20200227 01:00 
Submitted by:  Tournois, Yoran 
Submitted to:  SciPost Physics 
Ontological classification  

Academic field:  Physics 
Specialties: 

Approach:  Theoretical 
Abstract
We propose a GinzburgLandau theory for a large and important part of the abelian quantum Hall hierarchy, including the prominently observed Jain sequences. By a generalized "flux attachment" construction we extend the GinzburgLandauChernSimons composite boson theory to states obtained by both quasielectron and quasihole condensation, and express the corresponding wave functions as correlators in conformal field theories. This yields a precise identification of the relativistic scalar fields entering these correlators in terms of the original electron field.
Current status:
Reports on this Submission
Report #2 by Anonymous (Referee 2) on 2020419 (Invited Report)
 Cite as: Anonymous, Report on arXiv:2002.08711v1, delivered 20200419, doi: 10.21468/SciPost.Report.1628
Strengths
1  Paper very well written
2  Helpful bibliography
Report
This paper contains an interesting construction of GLCS theories and underlying CFTs. The paper should definitely be published, but I have a couple of small comments to make.
1  The widely used commutation relation between density and phase, in Eq. (5), assumes that the phase is a hermitian operator. There are known difficulties in constructing such operators. Why are those difficulties not important here? Is this because only a continumm set of states is included, analogously to the case of position and momentum commutation relations?
2  The authors mention in several points in the text singular gauge transformations and even include an appendix (C) on this. My question regards the phase $\theta$. The functional integral representation is assuming that $\theta$ runs in the interval $(\infty,\infty)$. However, the phase is a periodic field, so I presume that the vortex fields are absorbed as a singular gauge transformation into the gauge field. Is this view correct?
Report #1 by Anonymous (Referee 1) on 2020312 (Invited Report)
 Cite as: Anonymous, Report on arXiv:2002.08711v1, delivered 20200312, doi: 10.21468/SciPost.Report.1572
Strengths
1provides an explicit, microscopic and elegant connection between GLCS theories and CFT correlators for important quantum Hall state family
2very pedagogical presentation
Weaknesses
1introduction might further comment on the existing connections between GLCS theories and CFTs
Report
In their manuscript, the authors explore a microscopic construction scheme for fractional quantum Hall wave functions that connects GinzburgLandauChernSimons theories and conformal field theory correlators. First applying their scheme to the Laughlin case, they show that, and how, their method works. The authors then find a natural extension of their scheme to multicomponent Hall states, which in turn enables them to propose a scheme that allows to construct wave functions for hierarchical quantum Hall states. As the authors nicely explain, hierarchical states are in many ways less explored than other Hall states. The relevance of this work in my view mostly lies in providing an explicit connection between GinzburgLandauChernSimons theories and conformal field theory correlators for hierarchical states, and thus shedding more light onto the latter.
The authors do a great job in summarizing the necessity and aim of their work, although the authors might further comment on the connections between GLCS theories and CFTs unearthed thus far. Their discussion of how their scheme applies to the Laughlin states is very pedagogical. The main result, in my view, is the generalization of their scheme to hierarchy states, a cornerstone of which is the correct description the orbital spin. I find that physical discussion relating point splitting and the orbital spin helpful, and the mathematical implementation elegant. If I wanted to critique the present work, the connection between the two feels not unappropriate, but a bit fuzzy. Still, I find the work overall very pedagogical, and recommend it for publication in SciPost.
A few minor remarks are in order:
1) There is a undefined reference to an equate on p. 14 (upper half).
2) I would enjoy an enlarged discussion of how the point splitting technically connects to Eq. (49) beyond the more technical Appendix C. With the current version, I understand that (49) expresses that the flux associated with particle A felt by particle B is spatially displaced from particle A’s charge position (and vice versa), which connects well with the point splitting argument above. It would be very enlightening if the authors could similarly extend their discussion of the factor (\epsilon_i/\bar{epsilon}_i)^l which is key to select the correct angular momentum „channel“. I see that this term gives the right math and is associated with the correct angular momentum, but is there a similarly simple explanation as for the displacements in the wavefunction implemented by \xi (together with the integration over phases, this factor looks somehow similar to a projection of the wave function onto the correct angle momentum channel)? As a related question, could the authors comment on how point splitting knows about the value of the angular momentum?
Requested changes
1enlarge discussion of existing connections between GLCS theories and CFTs
2if possible, comment on the selection of the correct angular momentum via (\epsilon_i/\bar{epsilon}_i)^l
Author: Yoran Tournois on 20200318 [id 767]
(in reply to Report 1 on 20200312)
We are happy with the positive report from the referee, who clearly read our paper carefully. She/he has two suggestions for improvement, which we now address:
"1enlarge discussion of existing connections between GLCS theories and CFTs"
To our knowledge the present paper is the first to make a direct connection between these approaches. Previously the connection has been only indirect, in that the same wave functions have been derived by two different methods. In particular, the GLCS theory has really only been used for the Laughlin states, although the generalization to the multicomponent case is rather trivial (we indeed looked for a good reference for this but without success). There is a work on a GLCS theory for the bosonic $\nu = 1$ nonabelian MooreRead state, which also speculate about possible extensions to bosonic ReadRezayi states. We do not know of any GLCS theory for the fermionic paired states. We have added a couple of sentences about this after the paragraph on page 4 ending with “both to their cyclotron motion in the lowest Landau level and their interaction [29–31].”
"2if possible, comment on the selection of the correct angular momentum via $ (\epsilon_i/\bar{\epsilon}_i)^l$"
There is no way to deduce what is the orbital spin, either for the ground state, given only the Kmatrix, or excited states, given the Kmatrix and the lvector. The spin vector $s$ is an input in our construction, and the factor $ (\epsilon_i/\bar{\epsilon}_i)^{l/2}$ is just one way to implement it. We could equally well have used, say, $\epsilon_i^l$ at the expense of having to renormalize the wave functions with powers of $\epsilon_i$. We have emphasized this point by extending the comment 1 on page 17.
Author: Yoran Tournois on 20200423 [id 806]
(in reply to Report 2 on 20200419)We are happy with the positive report from the second referee, who poses two questions which we now address.
Strictly speaking it is indeed the case that the field $\theta$ is not Hermitian, and correspondingly that the operator $e^{i\theta}$ is not unitary. This can be traced back to that $e^{i\theta}$ annihilates the vacuum; thus the trouble comes from the fact that the number of particles cannot be less than zero. However, the operator $e^{i\theta}$ is well defined when acting on states with many particles which is the case we are interested in since we consider small density fluctuations $\delta \rho$ around a mean density $\bar{\rho}$. To clarify this point we have added the following comment below Eq. (5): "Note that, strictly speaking, the phase field $\theta$ is not Hermitian. However we are interested only small fluctuations around a mean density, and in this case $\theta$ can be effectively treated as Hermitian, and hence $e^{i\theta}$ as being unitary."
We add a reference (containing others references) as well.
The gauge transformations in question, such as in eq. (2) in the text and in appendix C, is singular since it changes the value of the phase factor $e^{\oint dx^i a_i}$ around the position of the particle. The variable $\theta$ introduced in the polar description on top of page 7, is an angular variable and remains so throughout, although a renormalization (as e.g. done just before Eq. (17) in the main text) is performed which changes its compactification radius. We never extend the integration range of $\theta$, since our final result is a standard compact scalar CFT. If we were to go from the GLCS theory to an effective topological field theory of the WenZee type, we would divide the $\theta$ field into a regular and singular part, where the latter describes the vortex current. The regular part is then assumed to be a small perturbation so the integration range can be extended to $(\infty,\infty)$ giving a delta function constraint in the path integral. It is an interesting problem to extend our formalism for the hierarchy to derive the correct WenZee theory, but that is beyond the scope of this paper.