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Enhancing sensitivity to rotations with quantum solitonic currents

P. Naldesi, J. Polo, V. Dunjko, H. Perrin, M. Olshanii, L. Amico, A. Minguzzi

SciPost Phys. 12, 138 (2022) · published 22 April 2022

Abstract

We study a gas of attracting bosons confined in a ring shape potential pierced by an artificial magnetic field. Because of attractive interactions, quantum analogs of bright solitons are formed. As a genuine quantum-many-body feature, we demonstrate that angular momentum fractionalization occurs and that such effect manifests on time of flight measurements. As a consequence, the matter-wave current in our system can react to very small changes of rotation or other artificial gauge fields. We work out a protocol to entangle such quantum solitonic currents, allowing to operate rotation sensors and gyroscopes to Heisenberg-limited sensitivity. Therefore, we demonstrate that the specific coherence and entanglement properties of the system can induce an enhancement of sensitivity to an external rotation.


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