Semi-Dirac fermions are known to exist at the critical points of topological phase transitions requiring fine-tuning of the parameters. We show that robust semi-Dirac points can appear in a heterostructure consisting of superconducting Sr2IrO4 and a t2g electron system (t2g-ES) without fine-tuning. They are topologically stable in the presence of the symmetries of the model, metallic t2g-ES and a single active band in Sr2IrO4. If the t2g metal is coupled to two different layers of Sr2IrO4 (effectively a multiband superconductor) in a three-layer-structure the semi-Dirac points can split into two stable Dirac points with opposite chiralities. A similar transition can be achieved if the t2g-ES supports intrinsic triplet superconductivity. By considering Sr2RuO4 as an example of a t2g-ES we predict a rich topological phase diagram as a function of various parameters.
Cited by 2
Bitan Roy et al., Quantum Multicriticality near the Dirac-Semimetal to Band-Insulator Critical Point in Two Dimensions: A Controlled Ascent from One Dimension
Phys. Rev. X 8, 011049 (2018) [Crossref]
A. M. Petrzhik et al., Superconducting current and low-energy states in a mesa-heterostructure interlayered with a strontium iridate film with strong spin-orbit interaction
Phys. Rev. B 100, 024501 (2019) [Crossref]
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- 1 Mats Horsdal,
- 2 Timo Hyart