Generalized hydrodynamics of classical integrable field theory: the sinh-Gordon model

Alvise Bastianello, Benjamin Doyon, Gerard Watts, Takato Yoshimura

SciPost Phys. 4, 045 (2018) · published 30 June 2018

Abstract

Using generalized hydrodynamics (GHD), we develop the Euler hydrodynamics of classical integrable field theory. Classical field GHD is based on a known formalism for Gibbs ensembles of classical fields, that resembles the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz of quantum models, which we extend to generalized Gibbs ensembles (GGEs). In general, GHD must take into account both solitonic and radiative modes of classical fields. We observe that the quasi-particle formulation of GHD remains valid for radiative modes, even though these do not display particle-like properties in their precise dynamics. We point out that because of a UV catastrophe similar to that of black body radiation, radiative modes suffer from divergences that restrict the set of finite-average observables; this set is larger for GGEs with higher conserved charges. We concentrate on the sinh-Gordon model, which only has radiative modes, and study transport in the domain-wall initial problem as well as Euler-scale correlations in GGEs. We confirm a variety of exact GHD predictions, including those coming from hydrodynamic projection theory, by comparing with Metropolis numerical evaluations.

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Black-body radiation Conserved charges Domain walls Generalized Gibbs ensemble (GGE) Generalized hydrodynamics (GHD) Gibbs ensembles Integrable field theory (IFT) Metropolis method Quasiparticles Thermodynamic Bethe Ansatz (TBA) Transport sinh-Gordon model

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