SciPost Phys. 8, 018 (2020) ·
published 4 February 2020

· pdf
We discuss symmetry fractionalization of the Lorentz group in (2+1)d nonspin quantum field theory (QFT), and its implications for dualities. We prove that two inequivalent nonspin QFTs are dual as spin QFTs if and only if they are related by a Lorentz symmetry fractionalization with respect to an anomalous $\mathbb{Z}_2$ oneform symmetry. Moreover, if the framing anomalies of two nonspin QFTs differ by a multiple of 8, then they are dual as spin QFTs if and only if they are also dual as nonspin QFTs. Applications to summing over the spin structures, timereversal symmetry, and level/rank dualities are explored. The Lorentz symmetry fractionalization naturally arises in ChernSimons matter dualities that obey certain spin/charge relations, and is instrumental for the dualities to hold when viewed as nonspin theories.
SciPost Phys. 7, 065 (2019) ·
published 26 November 2019

· pdf
The existence of higherspin quantum conserved currents in two dimensions
guarantees quantum integrability. We revisit the question of whether
classicallyconserved local higherspin currents in twodimensional sigma
models survive quantization. We define an integrability index $\mathcal{I}(J)$
for each spin $J$, with the property that $\mathcal{I}(J)$ is a lower bound on
the number of quantum conserved currents of spin $J$. In particular, a positive
value for the index establishes the existence of quantum conserved currents.
For a general coset model, with or without extra discrete symmetries, we derive
an explicit formula for a generating function that encodes the indices for all
spins. We apply our techniques to the $\mathbb{CP}^{N1}$ model, the $O(N)$
model, and the flag sigma model $\frac{U(N)}{U(1)^{N}}$. For the $O(N)$ model,
we establish the existence of a spin6 quantum conserved current, in addition
to the wellknown spin4 current. The indices for the $\mathbb{CP}^{N1}$ model
for $N>2$ are all nonpositive, consistent with the fact that these models are
not integrable. The indices for the flag sigma model $\frac{U(N)}{U(1)^{N}}$
for $N>2$ are all negative. Thus, it is unlikely that the flag sigma models are
integrable.
SciPost Phys. 6, 017 (2019) ·
published 4 February 2019

· pdf
We study (1+1)dimensional nonlinear sigma models whose target space is the
flag manifold $U(N)\over U(N_1)\times U(N_2)\cdots U(N_m)$, with a specific
focus on the special case $U(N)/U(1)^{N}$. These generalize the wellknown
$\mathbb{CP}^{N1}$ model. The general flag model exhibits several new elements
that are not present in the special case of the $\mathbb{CP}^{N1}$ model. It
depends on more parameters, its global symmetry can be larger, and its 't Hooft
anomalies can be more subtle. Our discussion based on symmetry and anomaly
suggests that for certain choices of the integers $N_I$ and for specific values
of the parameters the model is gapless in the IR and is described by an
$SU(N)_1$ WZW model. Some of the techniques we present can also be applied to
other cases.